À la datation de l’église contribuent indirectement lesrésultats des fouilles archéologiques de 1969-1970 et 1983-1984. Oprescu, din Bucuresti, George Pascu Hurezan, Complexul Muzeal Arad, Ioan Fedor Pascu, Sighisoara - si dr.
When he arrived, he spoke much to his lord of the goodness of that land: that that land was washed by the best rivers, whose names and advantages he listed, that in their sands they gathered gold and that the gold of that land was the best, and that they mined there salt, and the inhabitants of that land were the basest of the whole world, because they were Vlachs and Slavs, because they had nothing else for arms than bows and arrows and their duke, Geleou was inconstant and did not have around him good warriors who would dare stand against the courage of the Hungarians, because they suffered many injuries from the Cumans and Pechenegs.„Quod terra illa irrigaretur optimis fluuis, quorum nomina et utilitates seriatim dixit, et quod in arenis eorum aurum colligerent, et aurum terre illius optimum esset, et ut ibi foderetur sal et salgenia, et habitatores terre uiliores homines essent tocius mundi, quia essent Blasii et Sclaui, quia alia arma non haberent, nisi arcum et sagittas, et dux Geleou minus esset tenax et non haberet bonos milites, et auderent stare audatiam Hungarorum, quia Cumanis et Picenatis multas iniurias paterentur.“, Then Tuhutum, having heard of the goodness of that land, sent his envoys to Duke Árpád to ask his permission to go beyond the woods to fight Duke Gelu.Duke Árpád, having taken counsel, commended Tuhutum’s wish and he gave him permission to go beyond the woods to fight Duke Gelou.Arheologul Marius Ardeleanu a remarcat şi „descoperirea a două complexe medieval timpurii, foarte importante, datate în secolul VIII d.Hr., câteva gropi de stâlpi care delimitau locuinţe sau anexe gospodăreşti de epocă romană, precum şi vetre din epoca bronzului".The advanced economic and political conditions of the Slavs, who had been settling in the entire area, exerted a significant influence over the newly-arrived Magyars after 896 (see below); in fact, several Hungarian words relating to agriculture, politics, religion and handicrafts, were borrowed from Slavic peoples.
VESTIGIILE UNEI ASEZARI MEDIEVALE TIMPURII IN MARAMURESArheologii maramureşeni au făcut câteva descoperiri extrem de importante în situl din satul Bozânta Mică, situat la confluenţa Someşului cu Lăpuşul.
"The messages are given while the man is still alive" and this is their manner of sending: Three lances are held by men thereto appointed; others seize the messenger to Salmoxis by his hands and feet, and swing and hurl him aloft on to the spear-point.
If he be killed by the cast, they believe that the gods regard them with favour; but if he be not killed, they blame the messenger himself, deeming him a bad man, and send another messenger in place of him whom they blame.
În situl de la Bozânta Mică au fost identificate trei sate: din epoca bronzului (aproximativ 1500-1000 î. ALEXANDRU MADGEARU, GESTA HUNGARORUM Hungarorum Map of Central Europe in the 9th century before arrival of Hungarians, according to Hungarian historian Dr. Map reflects data from Gesta Hungarorum chronicle and it show medieval duchies of Braslav, Salan (Zalan), Glad, Menumorut (Marót) and Gelou (Gyelo), as well as neighboring countries and territories. aforesaid Tuhutum, a most skilful man, sent a certain shrewd man, father of Opaforcos Ogmand, to spy out for him the quality and fertility of the land of Transylvania and what its inhabitants were like, so that he might, if he could, go to war with them, for Tuhutum wished thereby to acquire a name and land for himself.
Hr.), din epoca romană - Barbaricum (din afara graniţelor Imperiului Roman) şi din epoca medieval timpurie (sec. (…) When the father of Ogmand, Tuhutum’s scout, circling like a swiftly returned to his lord.
Next morning, before daybreak, Tuhutum divided his army in two and he sent one part a little way upstream so that, having crossed the river, they might enter into battle while Gelou’s warriors were yet unawares.