Native verbal history says Acoma was first inhabited about 700 AD although modern archeological evidence suggests it has been continuously occupied from 1150, making it America's oldest continually inhabited city. Augustine is the oldest continuously occupied European settlement in the United States.
It is presently inhabited by a small population of Keresan-speaking Native Americans. Twenty-one years before the first English Settlement at Roanoke, Virginia and 42 years before the foundation of Jamestown, the Spanish established St. Spanish explorer Don Juan Ponce de Leon had landed in mainland America in 1513 and claimed the land for Spain and named it La Florida, meaning "Land of Flowers".
The second Governor-General moved his capital south to Santa Fe in 1607 and the city has remained a capital ever since.
By the end of that winter, half of the pilgrims were dead, including their leader John Carver.
The colony continued for a number of decades often close to collapse.
Augustine in the layout of the town and in the narrow streets and balconied houses.
Thirty-six buildings of colonial origin remain and another 40 that are reconstructed models of colonial buildings also contribute to the atmosphere of the town.
The oldest continuously occupied cities in the United States: Acoma, New Mexico: Forty minutes drive east of Grants, New Mexico, lies the Pueblo (village) of Acoma, built on a sandstone mesa 367-feet above a valley and approximately 7,000 feet above sea level.
The pueblo was built on a mesa for defensive purposes, keeping rival raiding tribes at bay.Endemic corruption in the Virginia Company in England convinced King James 1 that he should revoke the company's charter and the Jamestown fort became a crown colony in 1624.The fort remained intact until the 1620s, but disappeared as a town sprang up around the old wooden battlements.Little further attention was paid to Jamestown until preservation was undertaken in the twentieth century.Santa Fe, New Mexico: Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the U. and also the oldest European city west of the Mississippi.Jamestown, Virginia: In May 1607, English explorers with the Virginia Company landed on Jamestown Island, 60 miles from the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay.